The Canada Light Infantry

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The Royal Artillery in 1805 was composed of 9 battalions, each composed of 10-12 companies; by 1816 it had increased to 11 battalions. Each company moved independently through that period of time. For the period 1805-1816, indicated below are the companies of the Royal Artillery that were in Canada and the period that they were there ('Co' = Company; and 'Bn' - Battalion):

4th Co, 1st Bn: Halifax, NS, Jun 1814-Jul 1814; Moose Island, Aug 1814-Sep 1814; St. John, NB, Oct 1814- Jan 1816; Halifax, NS, Nov 1816-Dec 1816.

6th Co, 2nd Bn: St. John, Newfoundland, Jan 1805-Dec 1816.

9th Co, 2nd Bn: Halifax, NS, Jan 1805-Apr 1814; Canada, May 1814-Jun 1815.

1st Co, 4th Bn: Chambly, Canada, Aug 1814-Dec 1816.

2nd Co, 4th Bn: Quebec, Jan 1805-June 1815.

7th Co, 4th Bn: Quebec, Jan 1805 - Dec 1807; Ft. George, Jan 1807-May 1807; Amherstburg, June 1807-Dec 1807; Quebec, Jan 1808-April 1808; Amherstburg, May 1808-Dec 1808; Quebec, Jan 1809-Dec 1810; Amherstbury, Jan 1811-Jul 1811; Montreal, Aug 1811; Quebec, Sep 1811-Aug 1816; Montreal, Sep 1816; Kingston, Oct 1816-Dec 1816.

9th Co, 4th Bn: Quebec, Jan 1805-Sep 1812; Montreal, Oct 1812-June 1815.

10th Co, 4th Bn: Quebec, Jan 1805-November 1807; Montreal, Nov 1807-Oct 1808; Quebec, Nov 1808-May 1811; Kingston, Jun 1811; Fort George, July 1811-Dec 1814; Quebec, Jan 1815-June 1815.

1st Co, 5th Bn: Halifax, NS, Jun 1808-Sep 1810; St. John, NB, Oct 1910-Oct 1811; Halifax, NS, Nov 1811- Jul 1812; St. John, NB, Aug 1812-Sep 1814; Halifax, NS, Oct 1814-Dec 1816.

8th Co, 5th Bn: Queenston, Canada, Aug 1814-Aug 1816; Amherstburg, Sep 1816-Dec 1816.

2nd Co, 6th Bn: Halifax, NS, Nov 1811-Dec 1816.

7th Co, 7th Bn: Halifax, NS, Jul 1808-Nov 1808; Halifax, May 1809-Dec 1812; Quebec, Jun 1813; Kingston, Jul, 1813-Jun 1816; Fort Wellington, Jul 1816-Dec 1816.

6th Co, 9th Bn: Halifax, NS, Feb 1815-Dec 1816.

8th Co, 9th Bn: Kingston, Canada, Aug 1814-Sep 1816; Queenston, Oct 1816-Dec 1816.

1st Co, 10th Bn: Canada, Jun 1814-Dec 1816.

3rd Co, 10th Bn: Montreal, June 1814-Dec 1816.

6th Co, Invalid Bn: Fort George, Jan 1805-Dec 1816.


Captain R. Douglas's Company of the 9th Battalion, Royal Artillery embarked at Pymouth on HMS Melpomene on 4 March 1812 and landed at Lisbon, Spain on the evening of 15 March 1812. The company mustered at Alcarva, Spain on 12 May 1812; at Poilus, Spain on 16 July 1812 and at Madrid on 1 September 1812 and 1 October 1812. By November 1813 the company was stationed at Bordeaux, France. In early 1814 Captain R. Douglas exchanged companies with Captain G. Turner and the company became Capt. Turner's Company of the 9th Brigade, Royal Artillery. On 1 January 1814 the company mustered at Hasparren (France?) and remained in the Peninsula until May 1814. It embarked for Canada in June 1814 and was at sea through July 1814. It embarked in Canada in August 1814 and mustered at Quebec, Canada on 6 August 1814; at Montreal on 1 September and 1 October 1814; and at Fort Wellington, Canada on 5 December 1814. The company was in Canada through all of 1815, 1816 and 1817. In 1817 it mustered at Kingston monthly from January through September 1817, and at Queenston from October 1817 through December 1817.

Illustrated London News, January 4, 1862

The arrangements for dispatching the troops selected for service in Canada have now been entirely completed. The mail packet, which is to leave Liverpool to-day (Saturday) will take the second and third batteries of the fifteenth brigade of Garrison Artillery, consisting of twelve officers and 234 men, and this completes the list of troops forming the reinforcements. More than 10,000 men have been dispatched with extraordinary celerity, and it is gratifying to know that they have left our shores under circumstances which leave no room for doubt as regards their comfort and efficiency. The extra warm clothing, which has not been procured without difficulty, is of the best quality, and perfectly suited to the sharp winter the men will have to encounter. This extra clothing has in every case been so placed in the ships as to be accessible at any moment, and will be distributed to the men on the voyage should the weather be such as to requir3 the use of sealskin caps and similar articles. The number of transports wholly chartered by the Government is thirteen, all powerful screw-steamers; and in several cases troops have been sent by the Cunard mail-steamers to Halifax.

Last Saturday the Asia sailed from Liverpool for New York, under orders to call at Halifax, for which place the Asia had on board about 470 military passengers, and about 180 tons of stores, such as warm clothing, camp equipage, &c., for the troops. Among the military passengers were:-Colonel Wetherall, Chief of the Staff; Colonel Shadwell (late superintendent of the International Exhibition of 1862), Assistant Quartermaster-General; Lieutenant-Colonel Ross, Lieutenant-Colonel Crealock, Major Pearson; Major Burnby, R.E.; Captain Ellison, Captain Stokes, Deputy Inspector-General Frazer, Staff Assistant-Surgeon Woodfall, Assistant-surgeons Bryson, Robertson, and Gougan; Staff Surgeon-Major Menzies, Deputy-Purveyor Henderson, and Mr. Leight, on special service; and the third battalion of the Military Train, from Aldershott. Head-quarters, Staff, and No. 5 battery of the tenth brigade of Royal Artillery, from Woolwich, under Colonel Dunlop, C.B.

The screw-steamer Cleopatra left Liverpool for Queenstown for the second battalion 17th Regiment on Sunday.

The second battalion of the 16th Regiment of Foot embarked at Southampton last Saturday, in the transport steamer Magdalena, for Halifax.

The 96th left the Curragh on Saturday for Cork, and embarked on Monday for Canada on board the Calcutta and Victoria.

The Cunard mail-steamship Canada, which left Liverpool last Saturday for Halifax and Boston, took out the seventh battery of the tenth brigade of Royal Artillery (Captain child's), 6 officers and 117 men, to Halifax; and the eighth battery of the same brigade (Captain M'Rae's), 6 officers and 117 men, for Newfoundland. She also took out the fifth company of the Royal Engineers, for Bermuda-4 officers and 100 men; and six men of the Army Hospital Corps, for New Brunswick. The Canada also took out 103 tons of ammunition and stores, of which 73 tons are for Bermuda and 30 tons for Newfoundland; and £50,000 on Government account. A large number of the officers of the Staff went in the Canada.

The Canadian mail-steamer Hibernia has sailed, taking out the fourth company of the Royal Engineers-5 officers and 120 men; the G (Captain Hosti's) battery of the fourth brigade of Royal Artillery, from Aldershott-7 officers and 255 men; the sixth battery of the tenth brigade of Royal Artillery (Captain Robinson's), from Woolwich-6 officers and 117 men; a detachment of the first battalion 15th Foot-4 officers and 147 men. These troops are destined for New Brunswick.


Monday, 21 January, 2008 16:17

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